04 Feb

Certain Cancers Are On The Rise Among Young People

cancer

The rates of new cancer cases and cancer deaths have fallen in the U.S. over the past few decades. But certain cancers are becoming more common among younger Americans, and researchers think obesity may be to blame, finds a new reportt from the American Cancer Society and the National Cancer Institute.

Rates of six different cancers that are associated with obesity increased among adults ages 25-49 between 1995 and 2014, according to the research, which was published in the journal Lancet Public Health and based on information in the Cancer in North America database. These cancers include multiple myeloma, colorectal, endometrial, gallbladder, kidney and pancreatic.

Even though cancer most often strikes older adults, the sharpest increases were found in younger age groups. Pancreatic cancer exemplifies the pattern: Between 1995 and 2014, incidence of the disease rose by 0.77% annually among adults ages 45-49; by 2.47% among those ages 30-34; and by 4.34% among those ages 25-29. Kidney cancer had the sharpest annual increase for young Americans: 6.23% between 1995 and 2014.

While some cancers have a fairly clear cause — like smoking for lung cancer, or HPV for cervical cancer — many are brought on by a confluence of chance, genetics and lifestyle and health factors. Obesity is among the most impactful of these. Research has linked excess body weight to about 40% of cancer cases in the U.S., and it’s a risk factor for common types like breast, ovarian and liver cancer, as well as those highlighted in the new study. By 2014, obesity accounted for 60% of endometrial cancers, 36% of gallbladder cancers, 33% of kidney cancers, 17% of pancreatic cancers and 11% of multiple myeloma among adults ages 30 and older, the new paper says.

Excess weight may promote cancer in several ways. It can increase inflammation, which is a risk factor for a number of chronic conditions and has been found to fuel cancer cell growth. Obesity may also alter levels of sex and growth hormones, as well as insulin, which can spark growth factors that allow cancer cells to proliferate. And some fattening foods, such as processed meats and snacks, have been independently linked to cancer risk.

It’s not possible to definitively attribute the recent cancer increases to obesity — but the new report notes that the upticks in cancer for young people coincided with a doubling in rates of childhood and adolescent obesity between 1980 and 2014, making weight a likely contributor. Only two types of non-obesity-related cancer, leukemia and a type of lower stomach cancer, increased among younger age groups during the study, suggesting that all cancer rates are not rising in this population.

Healthcare providers should be vigilant about screening for and helping patients try to prevent obesity, since the consequences of climbing cancer rates could threaten decades of public health progress, the authors say.

“The future burden of these cancers might be exacerbated as younger cohorts age, potentially halting or reversing the progress achieved in reducing cancer mortality over the past several decades,” the authors write.

Article Source: http://time.com/5517858/cancer-rates-obesity/

Write to Jamie Ducharme at jamie.ducharme@time.com.

27 Jun

4 Health Benefits of Plant-based Diet That Will Amaze You

plant based diet

While it is common to hear that a plant-based can be harmful for athletes and cause deficiencies in general, the truth is rather the opposite. In fact, a vegetarian or vegan diet has many health benefits, provided it is well balanced of course, against many life-threatening diseases.

Consuming certain meats, however, increases the risk for certain diseases. For instance, it was found in a study published August 8 (2016) in the British Journal of Nutrition that regular consumption of red meat increases the risk of depression

Here are 4 Benefits of Being Vegetarian

  1. Higher Carbohydrates

A diet based on plant products provides a higher amount of carbohydrates than a traditional diet. Indeed, fruits and vegetables, grain products and legumes are all high in carbohydrates, the main source of energy for the body and muscles.

It is well demonstrated that a diet rich in carbohydrates promotes performance in endurance sports, but also in other types of sports by optimizing the energy level safely.

  1. Reduction of Inflammation and acceleration of recovery

A vegetarian diet is rich in antioxidants, which help reduce inflammation in the body and promote faster recovery after long and / or intense training, or accidents.

This allows athletes or active people to have more strength to be active, which contributes to improving health and life in general. Plant-based diet also promotes prevention and healing of many diseases by cleansing the body and boosting the immune system.

  1. Optimization of digestion

A diet rich in foods from plant sources is usually rich in dietary fiber, which can optimize digestion. Indeed, fibers improve the gastro-intestinal health and facilitate intestinal transit. They increase the volume and weight of stools by gorging themselves with water. They help normalize transit time and stool consistency to reduce constipation and diarrhea.

A vegetarian diet can easily meet the daily recommended fiber, which is 21 to 38 g per day depending on age, gender and special conditions (pregnancy, lactation). In addition, such a diet is rich in prebiotics, which can optimize the intestinal flora.

They promote the growth and activity of good bacteria in the colon by serving them food. The main sources of prebiotics are inulin, legumes and some fruits, vegetables and whole grains.

  1. Health benefits

A plant-based diet, with its high content of soluble fiber and low in saturated fat, helps prevent cardiovascular disease by helping to lower blood cholesterol levels. Such a diet is also beneficial for preventing and treating type 2 diabetes, including improving insulin resistance and promoting a healthy weight as well as a high intake of fiber and phytonutrients.

In a recent study, a vegan diet was accompanied by better control of blood glucose and a greater decrease in glycated hemoglobin compared to a conventional diet. Being a vegetarian also promotes healthy weight management since it is high in fiber, and generally less caloric and less rich in fat. The fibers require longer chewing and digestion and increase satiety, hence their effect on weight control.

In conclusion, even if you do not want to become vegetarian or vegan, it is beneficial to include in your daily diet a large amount of plant foods: fruits, vegetables, whole grains and legumes.