11 Dec

Enlarged Prostate and Prostate Cancer Treatment Options

Enlarged prostate, although common, is less severe than malignant tumor of the prostate. When a man is diagnosed with prostate cancer, his first reaction is to get informed and undergo an effective treatment as quickly as possible to increase the chance of healing or survival. The victim may read countless books, articles and do lot of researches on prostate cancer so he can be better prepared for the tough times that lay ahead. For peace of mind, he may also request a second opinion from an oncologist (a doctor specializing in cancer treatment) about the prostate cancer treatment options and the care he will receive.  

Normally, the treatment of prostate cancer is selected according to age as well as overall health of the patient, the size of the tumor, its aggressiveness as well as its extent. Treatment may include one therapy or a combination of therapies. The specialist may give you the choice between radiation and prostate removal. In some cases, chemotherapy, hormone therapy and other target therapies are also included. Unfortunately, the best option is a complete ablation of the prostate (radical prostatectomy).  

ebc 46, Blushwood Berry

However, deciding on a choice of treatment for cancer is difficult the fact there is not a unique treatment for any cancer. There is no absolute good or bad choice; a good choice must be based on your circumstance. The key is to know your medical condition and do your own research before choosing. But it is important to choose wisely. The decision has a consequence for the rest of life, either good or bad. Decide after careful consideration in order not to regret. You should know that even if surgery can provide a lasting solution, it is often associated with lifetime adverse effects.  

Enlarged prostate can be treated and cured easily depending on its severity. Similarly, prostate cancers detected and treated in early stages are often cured, although often at the cost of some degree of incontinence or impotence. However, in some cases, the cancer may recur or spread to other organs, reducing considerably the healing chance. Therefore, throughout the treatment and afterward, frequent medical exams and PSA blood tests are regularly performed to determine a possible recurrence of the cancer.  

In general, if you are diagnosed with prostate cancer, here are the treatment options that will be offered: 

Surgical Therapy (Prostatectomy) – removal of the prostate allows to eradicate the tumor in a single surgical intervention. Often followed by prostate radiation therapy, this treatment gives the highest survival rate, up to 97%. In general, men who chose surgery live longer; the survival rate at 15 years is about 80%. 

Radiation Therapy (Brachytherapy) – during this procedure, cancer cells are destroyed by external beam radiotherapy or brachytherapy (surgical implantation of radioactive sources). Internal radiation therapy is a good choice for older men or men who are not good candidates for surgery. This option provides a survival rate at 15 years about 65%. 

Hormone Therapy – this surgical procedure helps prevent production of certain hormones that promote tumor growth – testosterone for instance. This therapy can help shrink the tumor by targeting the testosterone that is known to promote growth of the tumor in the prostate gland. 

Cryotherapy – this procedure aims at freezing the tumor using liquid nitrogen to destroy cancer cells. This treatment is used instead of surgery. It is sometimes better for men who are not able to undergo surgical intervention – older men who suffer from other medical complications for instance.  

Chemotherapy – this is a strong prostate cancer treatment consisting of using drugs that can target and destroy cells that reproduce quickly, such as cancer cells. The chemotherapy agents circulate in the bloodstream and reach cancer cells lodged in distant organs of the primary tumor, and which have not been removed by surgery or targeted radiotherapy.  

When Treatment Is Not Necessary? 

At early stage, some prostate cancers have a slow evolution and do not require immediate treatment. It is then possible to monitor the progress of the disease and your level of physical comfort through regular testing. For older men who have other health problems, this kind of watchful waiting may be less disruptive than the cancer treatment which is always associated with side effects including clinical depression. With “watchful waiting”, the survival rate at 15 years is 50 to 60%.

04 Feb

Certain Cancers Are On The Rise Among Young People

cancer

The rates of new cancer cases and cancer deaths have fallen in the U.S. over the past few decades. But certain cancers are becoming more common among younger Americans, and researchers think obesity may be to blame, finds a new reportt from the American Cancer Society and the National Cancer Institute.

Rates of six different cancers that are associated with obesity increased among adults ages 25-49 between 1995 and 2014, according to the research, which was published in the journal Lancet Public Health and based on information in the Cancer in North America database. These cancers include multiple myeloma, colorectal, endometrial, gallbladder, kidney and pancreatic.

Even though cancer most often strikes older adults, the sharpest increases were found in younger age groups. Pancreatic cancer exemplifies the pattern: Between 1995 and 2014, incidence of the disease rose by 0.77% annually among adults ages 45-49; by 2.47% among those ages 30-34; and by 4.34% among those ages 25-29. Kidney cancer had the sharpest annual increase for young Americans: 6.23% between 1995 and 2014.

While some cancers have a fairly clear cause — like smoking for lung cancer, or HPV for cervical cancer — many are brought on by a confluence of chance, genetics and lifestyle and health factors. Obesity is among the most impactful of these. Research has linked excess body weight to about 40% of cancer cases in the U.S., and it’s a risk factor for common types like breast, ovarian and liver cancer, as well as those highlighted in the new study. By 2014, obesity accounted for 60% of endometrial cancers, 36% of gallbladder cancers, 33% of kidney cancers, 17% of pancreatic cancers and 11% of multiple myeloma among adults ages 30 and older, the new paper says.

Excess weight may promote cancer in several ways. It can increase inflammation, which is a risk factor for a number of chronic conditions and has been found to fuel cancer cell growth. Obesity may also alter levels of sex and growth hormones, as well as insulin, which can spark growth factors that allow cancer cells to proliferate. And some fattening foods, such as processed meats and snacks, have been independently linked to cancer risk.

It’s not possible to definitively attribute the recent cancer increases to obesity — but the new report notes that the upticks in cancer for young people coincided with a doubling in rates of childhood and adolescent obesity between 1980 and 2014, making weight a likely contributor. Only two types of non-obesity-related cancer, leukemia and a type of lower stomach cancer, increased among younger age groups during the study, suggesting that all cancer rates are not rising in this population.

Healthcare providers should be vigilant about screening for and helping patients try to prevent obesity, since the consequences of climbing cancer rates could threaten decades of public health progress, the authors say.

“The future burden of these cancers might be exacerbated as younger cohorts age, potentially halting or reversing the progress achieved in reducing cancer mortality over the past several decades,” the authors write.

Article Source: http://time.com/5517858/cancer-rates-obesity/

Write to Jamie Ducharme at jamie.ducharme@time.com.

27 Jun

4 Health Benefits of Plant-based Diet That Will Amaze You

plant based diet

While it is common to hear that a plant-based can be harmful for athletes and cause deficiencies in general, the truth is rather the opposite. In fact, a vegetarian or vegan diet has many health benefits, provided it is well balanced of course, against many life-threatening diseases.

Consuming certain meats, however, increases the risk for certain diseases. For instance, it was found in a study published August 8 (2016) in the British Journal of Nutrition that regular consumption of red meat increases the risk of depression

Here are 4 Benefits of Being Vegetarian

  1. Higher Carbohydrates

A diet based on plant products provides a higher amount of carbohydrates than a traditional diet. Indeed, fruits and vegetables, grain products and legumes are all high in carbohydrates, the main source of energy for the body and muscles.

It is well demonstrated that a diet rich in carbohydrates promotes performance in endurance sports, but also in other types of sports by optimizing the energy level safely.

  1. Reduction of Inflammation and acceleration of recovery

A vegetarian diet is rich in antioxidants, which help reduce inflammation in the body and promote faster recovery after long and / or intense training, or accidents.

This allows athletes or active people to have more strength to be active, which contributes to improving health and life in general. Plant-based diet also promotes prevention and healing of many diseases by cleansing the body and boosting the immune system.

  1. Optimization of digestion

A diet rich in foods from plant sources is usually rich in dietary fiber, which can optimize digestion. Indeed, fibers improve the gastro-intestinal health and facilitate intestinal transit. They increase the volume and weight of stools by gorging themselves with water. They help normalize transit time and stool consistency to reduce constipation and diarrhea.

A vegetarian diet can easily meet the daily recommended fiber, which is 21 to 38 g per day depending on age, gender and special conditions (pregnancy, lactation). In addition, such a diet is rich in prebiotics, which can optimize the intestinal flora.

They promote the growth and activity of good bacteria in the colon by serving them food. The main sources of prebiotics are inulin, legumes and some fruits, vegetables and whole grains.

  1. Health benefits

A plant-based diet, with its high content of soluble fiber and low in saturated fat, helps prevent cardiovascular disease by helping to lower blood cholesterol levels. Such a diet is also beneficial for preventing and treating type 2 diabetes, including improving insulin resistance and promoting a healthy weight as well as a high intake of fiber and phytonutrients.

In a recent study, a vegan diet was accompanied by better control of blood glucose and a greater decrease in glycated hemoglobin compared to a conventional diet. Being a vegetarian also promotes healthy weight management since it is high in fiber, and generally less caloric and less rich in fat. The fibers require longer chewing and digestion and increase satiety, hence their effect on weight control.

In conclusion, even if you do not want to become vegetarian or vegan, it is beneficial to include in your daily diet a large amount of plant foods: fruits, vegetables, whole grains and legumes.